About this site

This website presents the Economics of Needs and Limits (ENL), developed by independent scholar Frank Rotering as a guiding framework for a rational and sustainable post-capitalist economy.

The material is adapted from his book The Economics of Needs and Limits (2013, 2nd edition) and is used with permission of the author under the terms of the Creative Commons 3 license. It is provided here as a public service.

Further use of this material is governed by the same license and permission should be sought directly from the author at contractionism.org.


We urge you to read Frank Rotering's Contractionary Revolution, which addresses the ecological crisis and political reality without illusions, and provides a strategy to achieve the revolutionary change that is urgently needed in order to salvage the Earth's biosphere. A summary of this book is also available for download.

ENL Wiki is closed to public editing. Please contact us to correct any errors or omissions.


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Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License